Mexican X Part IX: True Chiefs and False Friends in Texas

I live in South Texas, and one of the debates we bi-literate Texans have is whether to spell the name of our state “Texas” or “Tejas” when writing Spanish.

What is up with that “X,” anyway?

Let’s head back in time. Five centuries or so. The Red River watershed in Texas, Oklahoma Arkansas, and Louisiana was under the control of two loose “confederations”: the Náshit’ush and the Kadawdáachuh. French tongues eventually twisted these names into Natchitoches and Kadohadacho. English tongues butchered the latter…